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Gives access to the anglophone version of the site's homepage

Gives access to the basic information of the site, to the history of the Shroud as well as to the study of the cloth.

Gives access to the images on the Shroud, their macroscopic analysis and, when necessary, complementary studies.

Gives the main conclusions that can be drawn from the study of the Shroud : the definite, the uncertain, the hypotheses.

Reconstruction of the Passion of Jesus in the light of the Gospels and of the observations derived from the study of the Shroud.

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Gives access to general information concerning the images on the Shroud : its aspect of "photo negative", the general study of the yellow traces which form the silhouette of the body, study of the pinkish traces which correspond to the wounds and to the flows of blood, the other images visible on the shroud ( traces of the small coins, traces of writing...)

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Gives access to the detailed study of the images visible on the Shroud, focussing in particular on their anatomo-pathological and physio-pathological aspects.

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Gives access to pages containing complementary information about the Shroud .

Click on FAQ to access the frequently asked questions forum, and on MAJ to find the latest pages

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gives access to the Table of contents of the site, from which you can access each chapter

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General look

THE PINKISH   STAINS                               Gives access to the glossary where are some definitions of the main terms used in this study and which deserve some additional explanations.

Negative
Yellow traces
Pinkish stains
Other pictures
                     The pinkish stains have almost the opposite characteristics to the yellow stains.

                    They often went through the cloth, and some are visible on the back.

                    They are often delineated by a sharp edge.

                    The phenomenon of capillarity can be observed. The substance that caused the stains had seeped through the linen fibres, which are stuck together.

On this close up photo of the Shroud, the blood which impregnated the cloth can be clearly seen. Note the contour of the stains. In places they form an extra thickness. Note also that the blood ran between the fibres, infiltrating deeply. (6614 bytes)

(in   Stevenson and Habermas)

                    These stains have an abnormally high concentration of iron. The presence of haemoglobin has been proved by spectroscopy which reveals its characteristic spectral band. Porphyrin, a constituent of haemoglobin has also been found, by its red fluorescence in ultra violet light. At the periphery of the stains, albumin was detected, (a constituent of blood serum), also immunoglobulins, and bilirubin. It is even possible to identify the blood group as AB. We can therefore be certain that the pinkish stains are blood stains.

                    When you drop fresh blood onto a cloth, it spreads in all directions through capillary forces, producing an image with a jagged-edge contour as the liquid is pulled by surface-tension effects along the fibres. Now, as we have just seen, the pinkish images have neat edges. They cannot therefore have been caused by liquid blood impregnating the cloth.

                    The pinkish traces do not therefore correspond to the dripping of fresh blood

 

On this photo of the wound in the side, the flow of blood was massive. Unfortunately, a great part of this blood stain was destroyed by the fire in Chambery and the following repairs. (3693 bytes)

 

Only two places are stained with fresh, non-coagulated blood.

1/ at the level of the kidneys, (part of the blood flow from the back),

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2/ Under the right foot, (the streak that runs from the arch of the foot towards the heel, and which spreads further into the cloth).

 

The trace of blood found under and beside the foot does not have the same characteristics as the other stains of blood. It is obviously a blood flow which occurred when the body was already in the shroud. (8860 bytes)
       The mechanism, by which the pinkish stains were formed on the Shroud is complex, badly understood, and still a topic of discussion. Barbet's explanation seems the most logical, even if it cannot account for all the traces of blood. Barbet's reasoning is that blood clots that had recently formed on the skin were still soft and damp enough to transfer their shape onto the cloth as an imprint of "sticky" blood. Also, that the older clots were rehumidified by the damp atmosphere inside the shroud. This is because the body takes several hours to cool down, and continues to transpire, losing moisture through the skin, this being enough to dampen the clot to such a point that it leaves its mark in the cloth.
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