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Gives access to the anglophone version of the site's homepage

Gives access to the basic information of the site, to the history of the Shroud as well as to the study of the cloth.

Gives access to the images on the Shroud, their macroscopic analysis and, when necessary, complementary studies.

Gives the main conclusions that can be drawn from the study of the Shroud : the definite, the uncertain, the hypotheses.

Reconstruction of the Passion of Jesus in the light of the Gospels and of the observations derived from the study of the Shroud.

Shows the page before the one you are reading, if you were reading a book it would take you back a page.

Gives access to general information concerning the images on the Shroud : its aspect of "photo negative", the general study of the yellow traces which form the silhouette of the body, study of the pinkish traces which correspond to the wounds and to the flows of blood, the other images visible on the shroud ( traces of the small coins, traces of writing...)

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Gives access to the detailed study of the images visible on the Shroud, focussing in particular on their anatomo-pathological and physio-pathological aspects.

Shows the page that follows the one you are reading, as if you were turning over the page of a book.

Gives access to pages containing complementary information about the Shroud. .

Click on FAQ to access the frequently asked questions forum, and on MAJ to find the latest pages

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gives access to the Table of contents of the site, from which you can access each chapter

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Detailed study

STUDY OF THE UPPER MEMBERS           Gives access to the glossary where are some definitions of the main terms used in this study and which deserve some additional explanations.

The head
The trunk
The upper limbs
The lower limbs
Removing
                   

            The forearms are turned palms inwards. We see only their backs.

  On the right forearm :

                    At the first glance:

  • Many oblique pinkish streaks, that appear to run from the wrist to the elbow.
  • A star shaped pinkish mark at the level of the wrist.              

                With a little attention :

  • Only four fingers of the hand are visible. The thumb is not.
  • There is a wound of about 8 millimetres diameter at the level of the rignt wrist.
  • The forearm shows a trail of blood which starts at the left, in the wound at the wrist. The blood runs in the direction of the elbow and the ulnar (cubitus) edge of the forearm, following the steepest path possible. The hands were therefore higher than the elbows, with the thumbs uppermost. Looking closely we can see that the blood runs in two directions with an angle between them of 20 to 25 degrees. The angle of these two streams make with the vertical indicates that the elbows were oscillating between two positions the first with an arm slope of 55 degrees, the other about 75 degrees.
Front part of the Shroud, real appearance, contrast enhanced to show the detail better. The left part of the body is on the left of the image. The left hand therefore rests on the right hand. The arms which were spread out, upwards and backwards, fixed by immediate rigor mortis, had to be forced forward and crossed on the pubis. The fingers of the left hand have therefore had to be bent in order to hook over the cubital edge of the right hand, thus making it possible to maintain this position. (15752 bytes)
 

On the left forearm :

                    At first glance:

  • The same pinkish traces that seem to run from the wrist to the elbow.

                    With a little attention :

  • This hand also shows only 4 fingers. The thumb is invisible.
  • The pinkish streaks visible on the two forearms follow two distinct oblique tracks,
    subtended by an angle 20 to 30 degrees
  • The absence of the thumbs indicates that they were hidden in the palm of the hand, This unusual position is the consequence of spasms in the adductors of the thumbs, probably caused by trauma of the median nerve. If we bring together the wound in the carpus, and the forced adduction of the thumbs, the logical conclusion is it is a wound that perforates the hand-wrist junction through the Destot space. The double orientation of the two blood flows down the forearm, coming from this perforating wound, indicates that the body was hung from nails through its wrists, and that the person would raise himself by several centimetres, from time to time, before slumping down again to hang from the wrists.
Detail of the images of the hands of the Shroud, the left resting above the right one. The contrast of the image has been boosted to make the detail more visible. (14515 bytes)
Shows the page before the one you are reading, if you were reading a book it would take you back a page.

top.gif (1293 octets)

Shows the page that follows the one you are reading, as if you were turning over the page of a book.