Gives access to the anglophone version of the site's homepage

Gives access to the basic information of the site, to the history of the Shroud as well as to the study of the cloth.

Gives access to the images on the Shroud, their macroscopic analysis and, when necessary, complementary studies.

Gives the main conclusions that can be drawn from the study of the Shroud : the definite, the uncertain, the hypotheses.

Reconstruction of the Passion of Jesus in the light of the Gospels and of the observations derived from the study of the Shroud.

Shows the page before the one you are reading, if you were reading a book it would take you back a page.

Gives access to general information concerning the images on the Shroud : its aspect of "photo negative", the general study of the yellow traces which form the silhouette of the body, study of the pinkish traces which correspond to the wounds and to the flows of blood, the other images visible on the shroud ( traces of the small coins, traces of writing...)


Gives access to the detailed study of the images visible on the Shroud, focussing in particular on their anatomo-pathological and physio-pathological aspects.

Shows the page that follows the one you are reading, as if you were turning over the page of a book.

Gives access to pages containing complementary information about the Shroud. .

Click on FAQ to access the frequently asked questions forum, and on MAJ to find the latest pages


gives access to the Table of contents of the site, from which you can access each chapter


Detailed study


STUDY OF THE TRUNK                          Gives access to the glossary where are some definitions of the main terms used in this study and which deserve some additional explanations.


The head
The trunk
The upper limbs
The lower limbs

The front :


        At first sight:

  • The images of the shoulders and upper arms are invisible, having been destroyed by the fire of 1532.
  • Under the right pectoral, there is a pinkish stain, larger and darker than the other traces. This stain is made up of two parts :
              1- A regular oval shape, 4.5 by 1.5 cms, with clear limits (in blue on the photo);

              2- Below that, a thick pinkish stain. It runs in two directions. On the body below the wound, and on the cloth behind and below the repair. This wound therefore bled while the body was already in the Shroud. A study by ultraviolet fluorescence has confirmed that the diffuse halo, quite visible to the naked eye, around the wound, reacted like blood serum. The blood had therefore partly coagulated inside the chest, and it is the serum which spread to the cloth.

               With a little attention :

  • The pectorals are bulging, contracted, raised up.
  • The hollow of the epigastrium is depressed. The lower abdomen is swollen and protrudes.
  • More or less everywhere, there are numerous pinkish stains


                   There is a gaping wound on the right. On a living person a wound causes a reflex phenomenon in which the muscles around it contract to try to close the wound. On a dead body, it is different. A wound made to a corpse, even shortly after the death, remains open. This wound, therefore, was made by a weapon that punctured the body, leaving a wound with a lozenge shaped cross section, 4.5 x 1.5 cm and the injury was done after death, because the muscles did not respond.

                    The spear heads photographed here, are from Roman spears. They were found on a battlefield site in the Middle East. One such spear, is kept in the Vatican, and has a blade 4.5 cm wide. It was probably a similar weapon that caused the wound which is visible on the Shroud.

real aspect of the Turin Shroud ; the left of the body is situated on the left of the image. The image of the body appears as photographic 'negative', whereas the traces of blood are of a carmine "positive" colour. (7644 bytes)
Enlarged image of the wound in the right side. The gaping trace left by the thrust of the spear was highlighted in blue to make it more recognisable in the image. (4069 bytes)
The wound in the right side, real appearance, with contrast slightly enhanced. The fire in Chambery unfortunately destroyed a great part of the blood stain. The neat white triangle visible on the right of the wound is a repair patch stitched on by the Clarisses of Chambery after that second fire which badly damaged the shroud. (3838 bytes)
Roman spear heads measuring about 20 cm by 5 cm. (7153 bytes)

(From Jésus et son temps, Reader's Digest)


The back:

At first sight:

Thick pinkish streaks run sideways across the kidneys.

With a little attention :

  • A wide pinkish stain, covers the shoulder blade and the right trapezius muscle.

This wound is where the skin has been scraped off. If you look at the front of the chest you see that this stain extends onto the right shoulder down to the level of the collarbone. Another pinkish stain, covers the left shoulder blade, and is particularly visible in its lower part.

These abrasions on the right shoulder suggest the carrying of a heavy rough surfaced object, several centimetres wide, which would have grated the skin long enough to scrape it off. This object would have been carried on the right shoulder over the back, almost horizontally, with the back bent forward. The object sometimes resting brutally on the back, at the level of the point of the left shoulder blade. If we consider what objects could have caused this, then carrying a very heavy, wooden beam would top the list.

Image of the back of the Shroud, with the contrast boosted to make it easier to examine the marks of the wounds. (18341 bytes)
    • Many pinkish stains are distributed over the back, from below the abrasions on the shoulders, down to the buttocks.

   Over almost all of the rest of the surface of the body, we find marks about 3 cms long, formed of two small wounds of 10 to 12 mm diameter, about 13 mm apart. They are in the shape of dumbbells, grouped in twos, or more. Barbet counted between 100 and 120 of them, Ricci about 180. They seem to be distributed in a swallowtail pattern, often grouped in pairs.
                    These wounds evoke whip lashes with one or more small weights at the striking end. These marks seem to have been laid on horizontally, at waist level, going down obliquely on the legs, and up sideways on the trunk. They seem to fall into two series of patterns, one coming from a whip on the left of the victim, the other from a whip on the right. For more detail see the chapter "Flagellation" in the Annex.

Traces left by flogging. These traces, in the shape of dumbbells, often grouped in twos, make one think that each whip had two lashes, each fitted at its extremity with small metal dumbbell shaped weights. (8374 bytes)


                    The pectorals are swollen, contracted, pulled upwards. The chest is distended. The epigastric hollow is very hollow, the lower abdomen is swollen, pushed down by the contraction of the diaphragm. This man died of asphyxiation, incapable of emptying his distended lungs.


Shows the page before the one you are reading, if you were reading a book it would take you back a page.

top.gif (1293 octets)

Shows the page that follows the one you are reading, as if you were turning over the page of a book.